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BoxAndWhiskerRenderer.java

/* ===========================================================
 * JFreeChart : a free chart library for the Java(tm) platform
 * ===========================================================
 *
 * (C) Copyright 2000-2008, by Object Refinery Limited and Contributors.
 *
 * Project Info:  http://www.jfree.org/jfreechart/index.html
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
 * or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301,
 * USA.
 *
 * [Java is a trademark or registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc.
 * in the United States and other countries.]
 *
 * --------------------------
 * BoxAndWhiskerRenderer.java
 * --------------------------
 * (C) Copyright 2003-2008, by David Browning and Contributors.
 *
 * Original Author:  David Browning (for the Australian Institute of Marine
 *                   Science);
 * Contributor(s):   David Gilbert (for Object Refinery Limited);
 *                   Tim Bardzil;
 *                   Rob Van der Sanden (patches 1866446 and 1888422);
 *
 * Changes
 * -------
 * 21-Aug-2003 : Version 1, contributed by David Browning (for the Australian
 *               Institute of Marine Science);
 * 01-Sep-2003 : Incorporated outlier and farout symbols for low values
 *               also (DG);
 * 08-Sep-2003 : Changed ValueAxis API (DG);
 * 16-Sep-2003 : Changed ChartRenderingInfo --> PlotRenderingInfo (DG);
 * 07-Oct-2003 : Added renderer state (DG);
 * 12-Nov-2003 : Fixed casting bug reported by Tim Bardzil (DG);
 * 13-Nov-2003 : Added drawHorizontalItem() method contributed by Tim
 *               Bardzil (DG);
 * 25-Apr-2004 : Added fillBox attribute, equals() method and added
 *               serialization code (DG);
 * 29-Apr-2004 : Changed drawing of upper and lower shadows - see bug report
 *               944011 (DG);
 * 05-Nov-2004 : Modified drawItem() signature (DG);
 * 09-Mar-2005 : Override getLegendItem() method so that legend item shapes
 *               are shown as blocks (DG);
 * 20-Apr-2005 : Generate legend labels, tooltips and URLs (DG);
 * 09-Jun-2005 : Updated equals() to handle GradientPaint (DG);
 * ------------- JFREECHART 1.0.x ---------------------------------------------
 * 12-Oct-2006 : Source reformatting and API doc updates (DG);
 * 12-Oct-2006 : Fixed bug 1572478, potential NullPointerException (DG);
 * 05-Feb-2006 : Added event notifications to a couple of methods (DG);
 * 20-Apr-2007 : Updated getLegendItem() for renderer change (DG);
 * 11-May-2007 : Added check for visibility in getLegendItem() (DG);
 * 17-May-2007 : Set datasetIndex and seriesIndex in getLegendItem() (DG);
 * 18-May-2007 : Set dataset and seriesKey for LegendItem (DG);
 * 03-Jan-2008 : Check visibility of average marker before drawing it (DG);
 * 15-Jan-2008 : Add getMaximumBarWidth() and setMaximumBarWidth()
 *               methods (RVdS);
 * 14-Feb-2008 : Fix bar position for horizontal chart, see patch
 *               1888422 (RVdS);
 * 27-Mar-2008 : Boxes should use outlinePaint/Stroke settings (DG);
 *
 */

package org.jfree.chart.renderer.category;

import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Graphics2D;
import java.awt.Paint;
import java.awt.Shape;
import java.awt.Stroke;
import java.awt.geom.Ellipse2D;
import java.awt.geom.Line2D;
import java.awt.geom.Point2D;
import java.awt.geom.Rectangle2D;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;

import org.jfree.chart.LegendItem;
import org.jfree.chart.axis.CategoryAxis;
import org.jfree.chart.axis.ValueAxis;
import org.jfree.chart.entity.EntityCollection;
import org.jfree.chart.event.RendererChangeEvent;
import org.jfree.chart.plot.CategoryPlot;
import org.jfree.chart.plot.PlotOrientation;
import org.jfree.chart.plot.PlotRenderingInfo;
import org.jfree.chart.renderer.Outlier;
import org.jfree.chart.renderer.OutlierList;
import org.jfree.chart.renderer.OutlierListCollection;
import org.jfree.data.category.CategoryDataset;
import org.jfree.data.statistics.BoxAndWhiskerCategoryDataset;
import org.jfree.io.SerialUtilities;
import org.jfree.ui.RectangleEdge;
import org.jfree.util.PaintUtilities;
import org.jfree.util.PublicCloneable;

/**
 * A box-and-whisker renderer.  This renderer requires a
 * {@link BoxAndWhiskerCategoryDataset} and is for use with the
 * {@link CategoryPlot} class.
 */
00119 public class BoxAndWhiskerRenderer extends AbstractCategoryItemRenderer
        implements Cloneable, PublicCloneable, Serializable {

    /** For serialization. */
00123     private static final long serialVersionUID = 632027470694481177L;

    /** The color used to paint the median line and average marker. */
00126     private transient Paint artifactPaint;

    /** A flag that controls whether or not the box is filled. */
00129     private boolean fillBox;

    /** The margin between items (boxes) within a category. */
00132     private double itemMargin;

    /**
     * The maximum bar width as percentage of the available space in the plot,
     * where 0.05 is five percent.
     */
00138     private double maximumBarWidth;

    /**
     * Default constructor.
     */
00143     public BoxAndWhiskerRenderer() {
        this.artifactPaint = Color.black;
        this.fillBox = true;
        this.itemMargin = 0.20;
        this.maximumBarWidth = 1.0;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the paint used to color the median and average markers.
     *
     * @return The paint used to draw the median and average markers (never
     *     <code>null</code>).
     *
     * @see #setArtifactPaint(Paint)
     */
00158     public Paint getArtifactPaint() {
        return this.artifactPaint;
    }

    /**
     * Sets the paint used to color the median and average markers and sends
     * a {@link RendererChangeEvent} to all registered listeners.
     *
     * @param paint  the paint (<code>null</code> not permitted).
     *
     * @see #getArtifactPaint()
     */
00170     public void setArtifactPaint(Paint paint) {
        if (paint == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Null 'paint' argument.");
        }
        this.artifactPaint = paint;
        fireChangeEvent();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the flag that controls whether or not the box is filled.
     *
     * @return A boolean.
     *
     * @see #setFillBox(boolean)
     */
00185     public boolean getFillBox() {
        return this.fillBox;
    }

    /**
     * Sets the flag that controls whether or not the box is filled and sends a
     * {@link RendererChangeEvent} to all registered listeners.
     *
     * @param flag  the flag.
     *
     * @see #getFillBox()
     */
00197     public void setFillBox(boolean flag) {
        this.fillBox = flag;
        fireChangeEvent();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the item margin.  This is a percentage of the available space
     * that is allocated to the space between items in the chart.
     *
     * @return The margin.
     *
     * @see #setItemMargin(double)
     */
00210     public double getItemMargin() {
        return this.itemMargin;
    }

    /**
     * Sets the item margin and sends a {@link RendererChangeEvent} to all
     * registered listeners.
     *
     * @param margin  the margin (a percentage).
     *
     * @see #getItemMargin()
     */
00222     public void setItemMargin(double margin) {
        this.itemMargin = margin;
        fireChangeEvent();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the maximum bar width as a percentage of the available drawing
     * space.
     *
     * @return The maximum bar width.
     *
     * @see #setMaximumBarWidth(double)
     *
     * @since 1.0.10
     */
00237     public double getMaximumBarWidth() {
        return this.maximumBarWidth;
    }

    /**
     * Sets the maximum bar width, which is specified as a percentage of the
     * available space for all bars, and sends a {@link RendererChangeEvent}
     * to all registered listeners.
     *
     * @param percent  the maximum Bar Width (a percentage).
     *
     * @see #getMaximumBarWidth()
     *
     * @since 1.0.10
     */
00252     public void setMaximumBarWidth(double percent) {
        this.maximumBarWidth = percent;
        fireChangeEvent();
    }

    /**
     * Returns a legend item for a series.
     *
     * @param datasetIndex  the dataset index (zero-based).
     * @param series  the series index (zero-based).
     *
     * @return The legend item (possibly <code>null</code>).
     */
00265     public LegendItem getLegendItem(int datasetIndex, int series) {

        CategoryPlot cp = getPlot();
        if (cp == null) {
            return null;
        }

        // check that a legend item needs to be displayed...
        if (!isSeriesVisible(series) || !isSeriesVisibleInLegend(series)) {
            return null;
        }

        CategoryDataset dataset = cp.getDataset(datasetIndex);
        String label = getLegendItemLabelGenerator().generateLabel(dataset,
                series);
        String description = label;
        String toolTipText = null;
        if (getLegendItemToolTipGenerator() != null) {
            toolTipText = getLegendItemToolTipGenerator().generateLabel(
                    dataset, series);
        }
        String urlText = null;
        if (getLegendItemURLGenerator() != null) {
            urlText = getLegendItemURLGenerator().generateLabel(dataset,
                    series);
        }
        Shape shape = new Rectangle2D.Double(-4.0, -4.0, 8.0, 8.0);
        Paint paint = lookupSeriesPaint(series);
        Paint outlinePaint = lookupSeriesOutlinePaint(series);
        Stroke outlineStroke = lookupSeriesOutlineStroke(series);
        LegendItem result = new LegendItem(label, description, toolTipText,
                urlText, shape, paint, outlineStroke, outlinePaint);
        result.setDataset(dataset);
        result.setDatasetIndex(datasetIndex);
        result.setSeriesKey(dataset.getRowKey(series));
        result.setSeriesIndex(series);
        return result;

    }

    /**
     * Initialises the renderer.  This method gets called once at the start of
     * the process of drawing a chart.
     *
     * @param g2  the graphics device.
     * @param dataArea  the area in which the data is to be plotted.
     * @param plot  the plot.
     * @param rendererIndex  the renderer index.
     * @param info  collects chart rendering information for return to caller.
     *
     * @return The renderer state.
     */
00317     public CategoryItemRendererState initialise(Graphics2D g2,
                                                Rectangle2D dataArea,
                                                CategoryPlot plot,
                                                int rendererIndex,
                                                PlotRenderingInfo info) {

        CategoryItemRendererState state = super.initialise(g2, dataArea, plot,
                rendererIndex, info);

        // calculate the box width
        CategoryAxis domainAxis = getDomainAxis(plot, rendererIndex);
        CategoryDataset dataset = plot.getDataset(rendererIndex);
        if (dataset != null) {
            int columns = dataset.getColumnCount();
            int rows = dataset.getRowCount();
            double space = 0.0;
            PlotOrientation orientation = plot.getOrientation();
            if (orientation == PlotOrientation.HORIZONTAL) {
                space = dataArea.getHeight();
            }
            else if (orientation == PlotOrientation.VERTICAL) {
                space = dataArea.getWidth();
            }
            double maxWidth = space * getMaximumBarWidth();
            double categoryMargin = 0.0;
            double currentItemMargin = 0.0;
            if (columns > 1) {
                categoryMargin = domainAxis.getCategoryMargin();
            }
            if (rows > 1) {
                currentItemMargin = getItemMargin();
            }
            double used = space * (1 - domainAxis.getLowerMargin()
                                     - domainAxis.getUpperMargin()
                                     - categoryMargin - currentItemMargin);
            if ((rows * columns) > 0) {
                state.setBarWidth(Math.min(used / (dataset.getColumnCount()
                        * dataset.getRowCount()), maxWidth));
            }
            else {
                state.setBarWidth(Math.min(used, maxWidth));
            }
        }

        return state;

    }

    /**
     * Draw a single data item.
     *
     * @param g2  the graphics device.
     * @param state  the renderer state.
     * @param dataArea  the area in which the data is drawn.
     * @param plot  the plot.
     * @param domainAxis  the domain axis.
     * @param rangeAxis  the range axis.
     * @param dataset  the data (must be an instance of
     *                 {@link BoxAndWhiskerCategoryDataset}).
     * @param row  the row index (zero-based).
     * @param column  the column index (zero-based).
     * @param pass  the pass index.
     */
00380     public void drawItem(Graphics2D g2,
                         CategoryItemRendererState state,
                         Rectangle2D dataArea,
                         CategoryPlot plot,
                         CategoryAxis domainAxis,
                         ValueAxis rangeAxis,
                         CategoryDataset dataset,
                         int row,
                         int column,
                         int pass) {

        if (!(dataset instanceof BoxAndWhiskerCategoryDataset)) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                    "BoxAndWhiskerRenderer.drawItem() : the data should be "
                    + "of type BoxAndWhiskerCategoryDataset only.");
        }

        PlotOrientation orientation = plot.getOrientation();

        if (orientation == PlotOrientation.HORIZONTAL) {
            drawHorizontalItem(g2, state, dataArea, plot, domainAxis,
                    rangeAxis, dataset, row, column);
        }
        else if (orientation == PlotOrientation.VERTICAL) {
            drawVerticalItem(g2, state, dataArea, plot, domainAxis,
                    rangeAxis, dataset, row, column);
        }

    }

    /**
     * Draws the visual representation of a single data item when the plot has
     * a horizontal orientation.
     *
     * @param g2  the graphics device.
     * @param state  the renderer state.
     * @param dataArea  the area within which the plot is being drawn.
     * @param plot  the plot (can be used to obtain standard color
     *              information etc).
     * @param domainAxis  the domain axis.
     * @param rangeAxis  the range axis.
     * @param dataset  the dataset (must be an instance of
     *                 {@link BoxAndWhiskerCategoryDataset}).
     * @param row  the row index (zero-based).
     * @param column  the column index (zero-based).
     */
00426     public void drawHorizontalItem(Graphics2D g2,
                                   CategoryItemRendererState state,
                                   Rectangle2D dataArea,
                                   CategoryPlot plot,
                                   CategoryAxis domainAxis,
                                   ValueAxis rangeAxis,
                                   CategoryDataset dataset,
                                   int row,
                                   int column) {

        BoxAndWhiskerCategoryDataset bawDataset
                = (BoxAndWhiskerCategoryDataset) dataset;

        double categoryEnd = domainAxis.getCategoryEnd(column,
                getColumnCount(), dataArea, plot.getDomainAxisEdge());
        double categoryStart = domainAxis.getCategoryStart(column,
                getColumnCount(), dataArea, plot.getDomainAxisEdge());
        double categoryWidth = Math.abs(categoryEnd - categoryStart);

        double yy = categoryStart;
        int seriesCount = getRowCount();
        int categoryCount = getColumnCount();

        if (seriesCount > 1) {
            double seriesGap = dataArea.getHeight() * getItemMargin()
                               / (categoryCount * (seriesCount - 1));
            double usedWidth = (state.getBarWidth() * seriesCount)
                               + (seriesGap * (seriesCount - 1));
            // offset the start of the boxes if the total width used is smaller
            // than the category width
            double offset = (categoryWidth - usedWidth) / 2;
            yy = yy + offset + (row * (state.getBarWidth() + seriesGap));
        }
        else {
            // offset the start of the box if the box width is smaller than
            // the category width
            double offset = (categoryWidth - state.getBarWidth()) / 2;
            yy = yy + offset;
        }

        g2.setPaint(getItemPaint(row, column));
        Stroke s = getItemStroke(row, column);
        g2.setStroke(s);

        RectangleEdge location = plot.getRangeAxisEdge();

        Number xQ1 = bawDataset.getQ1Value(row, column);
        Number xQ3 = bawDataset.getQ3Value(row, column);
        Number xMax = bawDataset.getMaxRegularValue(row, column);
        Number xMin = bawDataset.getMinRegularValue(row, column);

        Shape box = null;
        if (xQ1 != null && xQ3 != null && xMax != null && xMin != null) {

            double xxQ1 = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(xQ1.doubleValue(), dataArea,
                    location);
            double xxQ3 = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(xQ3.doubleValue(), dataArea,
                    location);
            double xxMax = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(xMax.doubleValue(), dataArea,
                    location);
            double xxMin = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(xMin.doubleValue(), dataArea,
                    location);
            double yymid = yy + state.getBarWidth() / 2.0;

            // draw the upper shadow...
            g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xxMax, yymid, xxQ3, yymid));
            g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xxMax, yy, xxMax,
                    yy + state.getBarWidth()));

            // draw the lower shadow...
            g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xxMin, yymid, xxQ1, yymid));
            g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xxMin, yy, xxMin,
                    yy + state.getBarWidth()));

            // draw the box...
            box = new Rectangle2D.Double(Math.min(xxQ1, xxQ3), yy,
                    Math.abs(xxQ1 - xxQ3), state.getBarWidth());
            if (this.fillBox) {
                g2.fill(box);
            }
            g2.setStroke(getItemOutlineStroke(row, column));
            g2.setPaint(getItemOutlinePaint(row, column));
            g2.draw(box);
        }

        g2.setPaint(this.artifactPaint);
        double aRadius = 0;                 // average radius

        // draw mean - SPECIAL AIMS REQUIREMENT...
        Number xMean = bawDataset.getMeanValue(row, column);
        if (xMean != null) {
            double xxMean = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(xMean.doubleValue(),
                    dataArea, location);
            aRadius = state.getBarWidth() / 4;
            // here we check that the average marker will in fact be visible
            // before drawing it...
            if ((xxMean > (dataArea.getMinX() - aRadius))
                    && (xxMean < (dataArea.getMaxX() + aRadius))) {
                Ellipse2D.Double avgEllipse = new Ellipse2D.Double(xxMean
                        - aRadius, yy + aRadius, aRadius * 2, aRadius * 2);
                g2.fill(avgEllipse);
                g2.draw(avgEllipse);
            }
        }

        // draw median...
        Number xMedian = bawDataset.getMedianValue(row, column);
        if (xMedian != null) {
            double xxMedian = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(xMedian.doubleValue(),
                    dataArea, location);
            g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xxMedian, yy, xxMedian,
                    yy + state.getBarWidth()));
        }

        // collect entity and tool tip information...
        if (state.getInfo() != null && box != null) {
            EntityCollection entities = state.getEntityCollection();
            if (entities != null) {
                addItemEntity(entities, dataset, row, column, box);
            }
        }

    }

    /**
     * Draws the visual representation of a single data item when the plot has
     * a vertical orientation.
     *
     * @param g2  the graphics device.
     * @param state  the renderer state.
     * @param dataArea  the area within which the plot is being drawn.
     * @param plot  the plot (can be used to obtain standard color information
     *              etc).
     * @param domainAxis  the domain axis.
     * @param rangeAxis  the range axis.
     * @param dataset  the dataset (must be an instance of
     *                 {@link BoxAndWhiskerCategoryDataset}).
     * @param row  the row index (zero-based).
     * @param column  the column index (zero-based).
     */
00566     public void drawVerticalItem(Graphics2D g2,
                                 CategoryItemRendererState state,
                                 Rectangle2D dataArea,
                                 CategoryPlot plot,
                                 CategoryAxis domainAxis,
                                 ValueAxis rangeAxis,
                                 CategoryDataset dataset,
                                 int row,
                                 int column) {

        BoxAndWhiskerCategoryDataset bawDataset
                = (BoxAndWhiskerCategoryDataset) dataset;

        double categoryEnd = domainAxis.getCategoryEnd(column,
                getColumnCount(), dataArea, plot.getDomainAxisEdge());
        double categoryStart = domainAxis.getCategoryStart(column,
                getColumnCount(), dataArea, plot.getDomainAxisEdge());
        double categoryWidth = categoryEnd - categoryStart;

        double xx = categoryStart;
        int seriesCount = getRowCount();
        int categoryCount = getColumnCount();

        if (seriesCount > 1) {
            double seriesGap = dataArea.getWidth() * getItemMargin()
                               / (categoryCount * (seriesCount - 1));
            double usedWidth = (state.getBarWidth() * seriesCount)
                               + (seriesGap * (seriesCount - 1));
            // offset the start of the boxes if the total width used is smaller
            // than the category width
            double offset = (categoryWidth - usedWidth) / 2;
            xx = xx + offset + (row * (state.getBarWidth() + seriesGap));
        }
        else {
            // offset the start of the box if the box width is smaller than the
            // category width
            double offset = (categoryWidth - state.getBarWidth()) / 2;
            xx = xx + offset;
        }

        double yyAverage = 0.0;
        double yyOutlier;

        Paint itemPaint = getItemPaint(row, column);
        g2.setPaint(itemPaint);
        Stroke s = getItemStroke(row, column);
        g2.setStroke(s);

        double aRadius = 0;                 // average radius

        RectangleEdge location = plot.getRangeAxisEdge();

        Number yQ1 = bawDataset.getQ1Value(row, column);
        Number yQ3 = bawDataset.getQ3Value(row, column);
        Number yMax = bawDataset.getMaxRegularValue(row, column);
        Number yMin = bawDataset.getMinRegularValue(row, column);
        Shape box = null;
        if (yQ1 != null && yQ3 != null && yMax != null && yMin != null) {

            double yyQ1 = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(yQ1.doubleValue(), dataArea,
                    location);
            double yyQ3 = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(yQ3.doubleValue(), dataArea,
                    location);
            double yyMax = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(yMax.doubleValue(),
                    dataArea, location);
            double yyMin = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(yMin.doubleValue(),
                    dataArea, location);
            double xxmid = xx + state.getBarWidth() / 2.0;

            // draw the upper shadow...
            g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xxmid, yyMax, xxmid, yyQ3));
            g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xx, yyMax, xx + state.getBarWidth(),
                    yyMax));

            // draw the lower shadow...
            g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xxmid, yyMin, xxmid, yyQ1));
            g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xx, yyMin, xx + state.getBarWidth(),
                    yyMin));

            // draw the body...
            box = new Rectangle2D.Double(xx, Math.min(yyQ1, yyQ3),
                    state.getBarWidth(), Math.abs(yyQ1 - yyQ3));
            if (this.fillBox) {
                g2.fill(box);
            }
            g2.setStroke(getItemOutlineStroke(row, column));
            g2.setPaint(getItemOutlinePaint(row, column));
            g2.draw(box);
        }

        g2.setPaint(this.artifactPaint);

        // draw mean - SPECIAL AIMS REQUIREMENT...
        Number yMean = bawDataset.getMeanValue(row, column);
        if (yMean != null) {
            yyAverage = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(yMean.doubleValue(),
                    dataArea, location);
            aRadius = state.getBarWidth() / 4;
            // here we check that the average marker will in fact be visible
            // before drawing it...
            if ((yyAverage > (dataArea.getMinY() - aRadius))
                    && (yyAverage < (dataArea.getMaxY() + aRadius))) {
                Ellipse2D.Double avgEllipse = new Ellipse2D.Double(xx + aRadius,
                        yyAverage - aRadius, aRadius * 2, aRadius * 2);
                g2.fill(avgEllipse);
                g2.draw(avgEllipse);
            }
        }

        // draw median...
        Number yMedian = bawDataset.getMedianValue(row, column);
        if (yMedian != null) {
            double yyMedian = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(yMedian.doubleValue(),
                    dataArea, location);
            g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xx, yyMedian, xx + state.getBarWidth(),
                    yyMedian));
        }

        // draw yOutliers...
        double maxAxisValue = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(
                rangeAxis.getUpperBound(), dataArea, location) + aRadius;
        double minAxisValue = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(
                rangeAxis.getLowerBound(), dataArea, location) - aRadius;

        g2.setPaint(itemPaint);

        // draw outliers
        double oRadius = state.getBarWidth() / 3;    // outlier radius
        List outliers = new ArrayList();
        OutlierListCollection outlierListCollection
                = new OutlierListCollection();

        // From outlier array sort out which are outliers and put these into a
        // list If there are any farouts, set the flag on the
        // OutlierListCollection
        List yOutliers = bawDataset.getOutliers(row, column);
        if (yOutliers != null) {
            for (int i = 0; i < yOutliers.size(); i++) {
                double outlier = ((Number) yOutliers.get(i)).doubleValue();
                Number minOutlier = bawDataset.getMinOutlier(row, column);
                Number maxOutlier = bawDataset.getMaxOutlier(row, column);
                Number minRegular = bawDataset.getMinRegularValue(row, column);
                Number maxRegular = bawDataset.getMaxRegularValue(row, column);
                if (outlier > maxOutlier.doubleValue()) {
                    outlierListCollection.setHighFarOut(true);
                }
                else if (outlier < minOutlier.doubleValue()) {
                    outlierListCollection.setLowFarOut(true);
                }
                else if (outlier > maxRegular.doubleValue()) {
                    yyOutlier = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(outlier, dataArea,
                            location);
                    outliers.add(new Outlier(xx + state.getBarWidth() / 2.0,
                            yyOutlier, oRadius));
                }
                else if (outlier < minRegular.doubleValue()) {
                    yyOutlier = rangeAxis.valueToJava2D(outlier, dataArea,
                            location);
                    outliers.add(new Outlier(xx + state.getBarWidth() / 2.0,
                            yyOutlier, oRadius));
                }
                Collections.sort(outliers);
            }

            // Process outliers. Each outlier is either added to the
            // appropriate outlier list or a new outlier list is made
            for (Iterator iterator = outliers.iterator(); iterator.hasNext();) {
                Outlier outlier = (Outlier) iterator.next();
                outlierListCollection.add(outlier);
            }

            for (Iterator iterator = outlierListCollection.iterator();
                     iterator.hasNext();) {
                OutlierList list = (OutlierList) iterator.next();
                Outlier outlier = list.getAveragedOutlier();
                Point2D point = outlier.getPoint();

                if (list.isMultiple()) {
                    drawMultipleEllipse(point, state.getBarWidth(), oRadius,
                            g2);
                }
                else {
                    drawEllipse(point, oRadius, g2);
                }
            }

            // draw farout indicators
            if (outlierListCollection.isHighFarOut()) {
                drawHighFarOut(aRadius / 2.0, g2,
                        xx + state.getBarWidth() / 2.0, maxAxisValue);
            }

            if (outlierListCollection.isLowFarOut()) {
                drawLowFarOut(aRadius / 2.0, g2,
                        xx + state.getBarWidth() / 2.0, minAxisValue);
            }
        }
        // collect entity and tool tip information...
        if (state.getInfo() != null && box != null) {
            EntityCollection entities = state.getEntityCollection();
            if (entities != null) {
                addItemEntity(entities, dataset, row, column, box);
            }
        }

    }

    /**
     * Draws a dot to represent an outlier.
     *
     * @param point  the location.
     * @param oRadius  the radius.
     * @param g2  the graphics device.
     */
00780     private void drawEllipse(Point2D point, double oRadius, Graphics2D g2) {
        Ellipse2D dot = new Ellipse2D.Double(point.getX() + oRadius / 2,
                point.getY(), oRadius, oRadius);
        g2.draw(dot);
    }

    /**
     * Draws two dots to represent the average value of more than one outlier.
     *
     * @param point  the location
     * @param boxWidth  the box width.
     * @param oRadius  the radius.
     * @param g2  the graphics device.
     */
00794     private void drawMultipleEllipse(Point2D point, double boxWidth,
                                     double oRadius, Graphics2D g2)  {

        Ellipse2D dot1 = new Ellipse2D.Double(point.getX() - (boxWidth / 2)
                + oRadius, point.getY(), oRadius, oRadius);
        Ellipse2D dot2 = new Ellipse2D.Double(point.getX() + (boxWidth / 2),
                point.getY(), oRadius, oRadius);
        g2.draw(dot1);
        g2.draw(dot2);
    }

    /**
     * Draws a triangle to indicate the presence of far-out values.
     *
     * @param aRadius  the radius.
     * @param g2  the graphics device.
     * @param xx  the x coordinate.
     * @param m  the y coordinate.
     */
00813     private void drawHighFarOut(double aRadius, Graphics2D g2, double xx,
                                double m) {
        double side = aRadius * 2;
        g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xx - side, m + side, xx + side, m + side));
        g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xx - side, m + side, xx, m));
        g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xx + side, m + side, xx, m));
    }

    /**
     * Draws a triangle to indicate the presence of far-out values.
     *
     * @param aRadius  the radius.
     * @param g2  the graphics device.
     * @param xx  the x coordinate.
     * @param m  the y coordinate.
     */
00829     private void drawLowFarOut(double aRadius, Graphics2D g2, double xx,
                               double m) {
        double side = aRadius * 2;
        g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xx - side, m - side, xx + side, m - side));
        g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xx - side, m - side, xx, m));
        g2.draw(new Line2D.Double(xx + side, m - side, xx, m));
    }

    /**
     * Tests this renderer for equality with an arbitrary object.
     *
     * @param obj  the object (<code>null</code> permitted).
     *
     * @return <code>true</code> or <code>false</code>.
     */
00844     public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        if (obj == this) {
            return true;
        }
        if (!(obj instanceof BoxAndWhiskerRenderer)) {
            return false;
        }
        if (!super.equals(obj)) {
            return false;
        }
        BoxAndWhiskerRenderer that = (BoxAndWhiskerRenderer) obj;
        if (!PaintUtilities.equal(this.artifactPaint, that.artifactPaint)) {
            return false;
        }
        if (this.fillBox != that.fillBox) {
            return false;
        }
        if (this.itemMargin != that.itemMargin) {
            return false;
        }
        if (this.maximumBarWidth != that.maximumBarWidth) {
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * Provides serialization support.
     *
     * @param stream  the output stream.
     *
     * @throws IOException  if there is an I/O error.
     */
00877     private void writeObject(ObjectOutputStream stream) throws IOException {
        stream.defaultWriteObject();
        SerialUtilities.writePaint(this.artifactPaint, stream);
    }

    /**
     * Provides serialization support.
     *
     * @param stream  the input stream.
     *
     * @throws IOException  if there is an I/O error.
     * @throws ClassNotFoundException  if there is a classpath problem.
     */
00890     private void readObject(ObjectInputStream stream)
            throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        stream.defaultReadObject();
        this.artifactPaint = SerialUtilities.readPaint(stream);
    }

}

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